Periodontal Therapy An Overview
Healthy gums are the support network for healthy teeth and a stable smile. When gum health is compromised by periodontal disease, it also places your teeth at risk and can impact your overall health and well-being. We place an emphasis on the maintenance of healthy gums as part of our preventive dental care at Westborough Dental Associates.
What are the stages of periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease is often called the “silent disease”. That’s because in the early stage, it often goes unnoticed. It is not until the symptoms of a developing problem are visible, or it is spotted during a dental exam, that periodontal disease is addressed. We screen for the early warning signs of gum disease during all routine dental care visits. We help our patients avoid complex problems associated with the late stages of gum disease.
- Gingivitis: Characterized by bleeding gums, minor redness, swelling of gums around tooth roots, and increased sensitivity. Gingivitis is the beginning of periodontal disease and should be addressed as soon as possible to avoid permanent damage. Gingivitis treatment starts at home. Common tips to curve symptoms include making sure your toothbrush is replaced every 3 months, floss daily, use mouthwash after brushing, and opt for a soft bristle toothbrush. Rinsing with saltwater is also helpful. By following these tips, you might be able to eliminate gingivitis.
- Early Periodontitis: This is the second stage. Early periodontal disease is not reversible, so don’t let it get to this stage. It can lead to bone loss, unavoidable gum swelling around the infected area, noticeable redness, and bad breath. Tooth cavities can develop on the sides of teeth. This is because the bacteria remained unchecked, and has become more aggressive.
- Advanced Periodontitis: Symptoms include all of the above, AND shifting of teeth, changes in your bite pattern, gum abscess releasing pus, deep periodontal pockets, tooth loss, and severe halitosis. This stage may need periodontal surgery to fully fix.